Thyroid gland is a small organ, located at the front of the neck and wrapped around the trachea. It looks like a butterfly. To be clear, hormones play a key role in keeping bodily functions within a certain range. are, which are produced in the thyroid gland. Naturally, our body makes thyroid hormones.
If for any reason there is a disturbance in the function of this gland, i.e. hormones begin to be produced in less or more quantity, then thyroid disease occurs, which has many types. For example, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, Thyroiditis and Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis. Thus, there are different causes of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, but both of these disorders are considered hereditary diseases.
If we mention hypothyroidism, the causes of this disease include thyroiditis, Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis, postpartum thyroiditis and iodine deficiency etc. However, this is usually a temporary condition. Hypothyroidism also occurs if the body is deficient in iodine.
Millions of people around the world suffer from iodine deficiency. In some cases, even at birth, the thyroid gland does not work properly. One in every four thousand newborns is affected. If timely and correct treatment. If not done, many kinds of physical and mental problems can occur, so it is important to have a blood screening test to check the performance of the thyroid gland in newborns.
Factors that cause hyperthyroidism include Graves’ disease, nodules, and excessive iodine intake. In some cases, hyperthyroidism is also caused by overactive nodules within the thyroid gland. If there is too much iodine (the mineral used to make thyroid hormones) in the body, the thyroid produces more thyroid hormones than it needs, causing hyperthyroidism.
Sometimes certain medications and cough syrups also cause an increase in iodine.
Thyroid disease is a common disease that can affect anyone, men, women, infants, teenagers, and the elderly. According to a survey, about 20 million people in the United States have some form of thyroid disease. suffering from the disorder, while a woman is about five to eight times more likely to be diagnosed with thyroid disease than a man.
The chances of developing thyroid disease are high in people who have a family history of thyroid disorder, who suffer from anemia, type 1 diabetes, who use medicines or foods that contain iodine. The amount is found to be high. People over the age of 60, especially women, who have undergone cancer (radiation) treatment.